Neighbourhood policing: a police force typology

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Neighbourhood policing: a police force typology

In early 2017 policing stood at the mid-point between two national visions for neighbourhood policing: those embodied by the Neighbourhood Policing Programme, which culminated in 2008, and the Policing Vision 2025, published in 2016. With reduced funding, shifting demand and revised priorities, the picture regarding this form of policing looks fragmented and opaque and is increasingly generating concern. In this interim paper from the future of neighbourhood policing project we use the available secondary data to chart the divergent trajectories of community policing in forces across England and Wales since 2008. We present a working ‘typology’ as a framework for understanding the range of strategies adopted in response to the changing resource, demand and political context during the period. The report offers an aerial perspective on the development of this form of policing in recent years, charting the main contours of the changing landscape, including some features that might not previously have been widely recognised.